Edward John EYRE

Father: 19th._Century EYRES

                        _The EYRE _|
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|--Edward John EYRE 
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!SOURCE: ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA, 1973 Edition, Vol. IX, p. 16. Eyre, Edward John (1815-1901), Birtish explorer and colonial governor, remembered especiall for his suppression of a Negro uprising in Jamaica (1865), was born at Hornsea, Yorkshire, on Aug. 5, 1815. He emigrated to New South Wales in 1832 and farmed sheep, becoming a pioneer "overlander" driving stock from Sydney to South Australia. He explored the central deserts of South Australia, where Lake Eyre bears his name; his most famous voyage was in 1840-41, when almost alone he made an expedition round the Great Australian Bight which proved the possibility of land communication between South and Western Australia. As early as 1836 Eyre was appointed a magistrate and protector of aborigines, with whom he maintained good relations. He returned to England in 1845, and was appointed in 1846 lieutenant governor of New Zealand, where he served under Sir George Grey. After governing St. Vincent and the Leeward Islands in turn, he was appointed acting governor of Jamaica in 1861 and governor in 1864. In October 1865 he suppressed a Negro uprising there with an efficient severity which earned him the warm gratitude of thelocal Europeans, but raised a storm in England; there were over 400 executions, and it was claimed that some of them had been illegal. The Whig government, after an inquiry, both thanked Eyre for putting the uprising down and blamed him for taking excessive reprisals; in July 1866 he was recalled. Several unofficial attempts to try him failed, and he was acquitted in a civil case brought against him by a Jamaica. Eyre was finally granted the usual colonial governor's pension in 1874. He died near Tavistock on Nov. 30, 1901.

Created by Sparrowhawk 1.0 (4/17/1996) on Sun Mar 11 17:58:52 2001